SCORPION


SCORPION
SCORPION (Heb. עַקְרָב, akrav; pl. akrabbim). The scorpion is mentioned once in the Bible as a dangerous creature of the wilderness (Deut. 8:15). The word akrabbim is also used for prickly thornbushes (I Kings 12:11; Ezek. 2:6), and Ascent of Akrabbim (Ma'aleh Akrabbim\>\> ) in the Negev (Num. 34:4) owes its name either to the scorpions or to the thorns found there. Ten species of scorpion are found in Israel, the most dangerous of which is Buthus quinquestriatus. This species is found mainly in deserts, but it occurs also in inhabited regions. When young, the scorpions are yellowish white, later becoming yellow, brown, or black. One of the minor miracles mentioned as occurring in the Second Temple period was that "no serpent or scorpion inflicted injury in Jerusalem" (Avot 5:5). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lewysohn, Zool, 298f., nos. 398, 399; J. Margolin, Zo'ologyah, 1 (1943), 116–9; J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 136. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Tzome'ah, 263. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • scorpion — [ skɔrpjɔ̃ ] n. m. • XIIe; escorpium 1119; lat. scorpio, gr. skorpios 1 ♦ Animal pourvu d appendices chélicères, et formé d éléments articulés dont le dernier porte un aiguillon crochu et venimeux. Pince du scorpion. ⇒ pédipalpe. Scorpion noir,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scorpion — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scorpion — Scor pi*on, n. [F., fr. L. scorpio, scorpius, Gr. ?, perhaps akin to E. sharp.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of pulmonate arachnids of the order {Scorpiones}, having a suctorial mouth, large claw bearing palpi, and a caudal sting.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scorpion — (englische Schreibweise von „Skorpion“) bezeichnet: zwei britische Automobilmarken (1965), bzw. (1973), siehe Scorpion (Humberstone), bzw. Scorpion (Innes Lee) eine ehemalige neuseeländische Automobilmarke, siehe Scorpion (Kit Car) einen sehr… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scorpion — SCORPIÓN, scorpioni, s.m. 1. Nume dat mai multor specii de arahnide având la extremitatea posterioară glande veninoase, care se deschid în vârful unui ac; scorpie (1). ♢ Scorpionul de cărţi =scorpion minuscul, fără coadă şi fără glande veninoase …   Dicționar Român

  • scorpion — SCORPION. s. m. Sorte d insecte venimeux, & dont le venin est principalement à l extremité de la queuë. La piqueure du scorpion est dangereuse. on tient que la blessure que fait le scorpion se guerit en escrasant le scorpion mesme sur la playe.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • scorpion — early 13c., from O.Fr. scorpion, from L. scorpionem (nom. scorpio), extended form of scorpius, from Gk. skorpios a scorpion, from PIE root * (s)ker to cut (see SHEAR (Cf. shear)). The Spanish alacran scorpion is from Arabic al aqrab …   Etymology dictionary

  • scorpion — [skôr′pē ən] n. [OFr < L scorpio < Gr skorpios, scorpion, kind of fish < IE base * (s)ker , to cut > SHEAR] 1. any of an order (Scorpiones) of arachnids found in warm regions, with a front pair of nipping claws and a long, slender,… …   English World dictionary

  • scorpion — ► NOUN ▪ an arachnid with lobster like pincers and a poisonous sting at the end of its tail. ORIGIN Greek skorpios scorpion …   English terms dictionary

  • Scorpion — Scorpion, ein dem Krebse außerordentlich ähnliches Insekt mit 8 Füßen, 2 Scheeren und einem langen, dünnen, aus 6 Knoten gebildeten Schwanz, welcher sich in eine gebogene, dolchartige Spitze mit einer kleinen giftgefüllten Blase endiget. Man… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon